Brazil: less polluting vehicles in 2012


With the coming into effect of the national programme for vehicle pollution control (Proconve), pollution from vehicle exhaust will be reduced, and fuels will be obliged to conform to international standards

The measures taken by the National Environmental Council (CONAMA), the first days of 2012 foresee that the quality of air in towns and cities will reach international standards in the next few years. This is phase P-7 of the national programme for the control of atmospheric pollution caused by motor vehicles, which also includes a reduction in the level of pollution, only carried out by the most developed countries until now. These new regulations, negotiated with the industry and with representatives of society, promise to drastically reduce pollution caused by buses and trucks, most responsible for the polluting emissions that directly affect the health of those living in, above all, medium to large cities. The increase in the availability on the market of Diesel S-50 and its substitution in a years’ time with l S-10, with 50 times less sulphur content than those used until now, together with state plans for the control of atmospheric pollution, by means of mandatory controls of vehicles, are part of a strategy able to guarantee better quality of air in large towns and cities. According to the level of pollution of their cities, the states can choose whether or not to inspect vehicles in use. "In the regions where pollution affects health and the environment, these measures should be put into practice," says the secretary of the urban environment MMA, Nabil Bonduki.

According to the information of the national programme for vehicle pollution control (Proconve), the supply of cleaner fuel is increasing all over the country. The industry has changed the engines of new heavy vehicles completely and, from now on, the drivers of vehicles already in use will have to check the levels of polluting emissions each year to renew their license. "Our fuels are among those less polluting in the world " says the director of the Department of environmental quality of the Ministry of the Environment, Sergiu Oliveira. "Proconve has made an important step, the result of intense work over the last three years." Improvements in the quality of air can be seen in the reduction in respiratory illnesses, which, other than damaging health, above all that of children and older people, also have an impact on the budget of healthcare.