This is the result of a survey carried out by the Market Analysis institute, according to which, 44% of those interviewed do not want new plants, while 35% is in favour of closing down all nuclear power plants in Brazil
'Concern over environmental problems has increased considerably in the last few years. This results has been certainly affected by the Fukushima disaster," says the director of Market Analysis, Fabian Echegaray. "This result regards more physical and personal safety than the discussion of alternative energy." Compared to similar surveys carried out in other 11 countries with nuclear reactors, the Brazilian population has been more resistant to accept this type of energy than other communities. In China and in India, for example, 42% and 23% respectively of those interviewed, approved the construction of new nuclear power plants. A curious fact that comes from Brazilian research, however, is that the population in the north-east of the country accepted nuclear power more than in the rest of the country. In fact, in that region, between Bahia and Pernambuco, the Brazilian government is discussing the construction of two, 1000 MW nuclear power plants.
Research is also ongoing regarding renewable energy sources. The survey showed that 72% of those interviewed deemed that wind or solar energy are able to substitute the use of coal or oil partially (27%) or completely (45%) in the country in the next 20 years. The survey involved 806 people, aged between 18 and 69, by means of phone calls carried out between July and August 2011, in nine capitals (Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Curitiba, Goiania, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and San Paulo.
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